Popularly known as High Blood Pressure, it is a condition that increases the risk of developing any heart diseases or even stroke. It occurs when the blood vessels come up with increased pressure levels. The blood is basically carried from the heart to each and every part of the body through vessels. Every time your heart beats, it pumps out blood in the vessels. Blood pressure is a condition that arises when force is applied on the blood pushing it against the arteries or the blood vessel walls when pumped by the heart. As the heart pressure increases, it becomes difficult for the heart to pump.
No doubt, hypertension is quite common these days, it is not a health issue that develops suddenly. It takes several years to develop with no early detecting symptoms. However, it is also detected in its early stages through damage to the organs, blood vessels, eyes, kidney, heart,and brain. And for this, regular checkup of the blood pressure levels is important.
What Are The Causes Of High Blood Pressure?
Talking about the causes of high blood pressure, it is important first to determine what is the type of hypertension one is suffering from.
Also known as essential hypertension, this is a condition that develops with zero causes that can be easily identified. This is much common blood pressure type. The pressure levels slowly increase in this condition and some of the factors that have been detected include:
Yes, some people come predisposed to high blood pressure genetically. This condition arrives due to genetic abnormalities or gene mutations which is inherited from one or both the parents.
Some of the unhealthy lifestyles, lack of required physical activities, lack of required nutrient in the diet, weight issues, etc. also hold a vital role in getting primary hypertension. People standing on the line of obesity or overweight are also likely to have hypertension.
3. Physical changes
When some changes are observed in the body, it comes with an adverse impact on the entire body. And hypertension is among them. Changes in the functions of the kidney, liver, heart, or any other organ comes with changes in the blood pressure levels pressurizing it to increase.
Secondary hypertension is a situation that would appear suddenly and quickly compared to primary hypertension. This type is also more dangerous than the prior one. Some of the commonly found causes for secondary hypertension include:
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Kidney issues
- Congenital heart defects
- Medication side effects
- Thyroid issues
- Illegal drugs
- Problems in the adrenal gland
- Chronic use or alcohol abuse
- Some of the endocrine tumors
The causes of hypertension basically are observed when people cross their 60s. Again, for the people already suffering from issues like diabetes, cardiovascular issues, chronic kidney issues, increased cholesterol levels, etc. are more prone to suffer from hypertension. If you include more fatty foods or salt-rich food in your diet with lower levels of potassium, it also increases the chances of having hypertension.
What Are The Hypertension Symptoms?
High blood pressure is basically a silent health issue. Many times, people having it may not even experience any kind of symptoms. It takes decades in detecting this health issue when the pressure level reaches to severe conditions. Some of the symptoms that would help in detecting hypertension include:
- Breathing problem
- Bleeding from nose
- Chest pain
- Changes in visual
- The appearance of blood in the urine
If any of these symptoms are observed, it is important to seek medical help quickly. It is not necessary that the condition would result in hypertension everytime, but waiting for the condition to reach severe levels is surely a bad idea.
If any of the above-mentioned symptoms are observed, it is better to keep a regular watch over the blood pressure levels by visiting the doctor regularly.
What Are The Home Remedies For Treating High Blood Pressure?
The basic way of treating hypertension at home is by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This is an ideal way of controlling blood pressure levels with ease. Here is how you can do so.
1. Watch Your Diet Ingredients
A healthy diet is much essential for reducing pressure levels. Managing it through a healthy diet by reducing the complications or controlling it is much important. Through diet, you can easily control various complications like heart attack, stroke and even heart diseases. For this, include ingredients like veggies, fruits, lean protein ingredients, whole grains, etc. in your diet. Cut on sweets, meat, sodium,etc. too.
2. Increase Physical Workout
For the people who are overweight or obese, reducing the unwanted weight would be the best step to control the pressure levels. Along with the weight, work on your stress levels and cardiovascular exercises that help in maintaining a healthy blood pressure level. Add a 30-minute workout in your daily routine and you are done.
3. Manage Your Stress
No doubt, exercise is a good way of managing the stress, there are some other activities that would help in boosting the management. Working on activities like deep breathing, meditation, muscle relaxation, massage, and yoga are much helpful in reducing stress. Reducing the stress levels would reduce hypertension.
4. Reduce Sodium Intake
The portion of salt you have in your meals is also important while counting on reducing the blood pressure levels. Salt comes with a deep impact on various heart issues like stroke. Adding more salt to your meals would add to the increased blood pressure levels. So, if you are looking for working on your hypertension, cut out the sodium intake or you can even replace it with spices and herbs seasoning. This would be more effective if you are salt sensitive.
5. Include Potassium In Your Routine
Potassium is an important mineral that is much helpful in managing blood pressure levels. Today, the processed foods come with high sodium levels, while the potassium levels are much low. So, make sure you balance your routine with the required potassium levels. For this, include ingredients like green leafy veggies, potatoes, tomatoes, tuna, yogurt, milk, bananas, melons, apricots, avocadoes, beans, nuts, etc. in your routine.
6. Practice The DASH Diet
DASH diet here means Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This type of diet is much helpful in lowering the blood pressure levels to around 11 mm Hg systolic. The DASH diet includes focusing on fruits, whole grains, vegetables, lean meats, nuts, fish, etc. that would help in controlling the sodium levels. Removing foods that are rich in saturated fats like fatty meals, completely fat dairy products, processed foods, etc. for controlling your blood pressure.
7. Manage Your Weight
Blood pressure and weight both resemble each other. If you are obese and having high blood pressure issue, reducing even 4.5kgs would help in reducing the pressure. Again, managing the weight here also means working not only the scale numbers but also working on the waistline which holds a vital role. The fat gathering around the waistline, known as visceral fat, is much harmful. It surrounds the abdomen organs which can lead to increase the blood pressure. An ideal waistline measure for men is 40 while for women is 35 inches or less.
8. Say No To Nicotine
Addicted to Nicotine? If yes, this can be harmful to your blood pressure levels. This includes both, taking nicotine in the form of drugs or even in the form of cigarette. The more you smoke, the more you are working to increase the blood pressure levels for a long time. People who smoke are likely to face issues like hypertension, stroke and even heart attack. So, start working on reducing to stop smoking which would be helpful in reducing the blood pressure levels.
9. Reduce The Intake Of Caffeine
This might be surprising for some of you, but caffeine is also an ingredient that comes with an impact on the blood pressure levels. Taking even a coffee cup would boost blood pressure levels. And for those having it on a regular basis, it can lead to a lasting increase. Drinking both coffee and tea on a regular basis can show a deep impact on the blood pressure levels along with other heart issues. Again, if you aren’t a regular consumer of caffeine, it can come with a stronger impact on your blood pressure levels.
10. Say Yes To Cocoa Or Dark Chocolate
Surprisingly, having a small amount of cocoa or dark chocolate is much beneficial while looking for reducing the blood pressure levels. Both dark chocolate and cocoa are rich in flavonoids that dilates the plant compounds which lead to an increase in blood vessels. Having a small amount of dark chocolate would not only reduce the blood pressure levels but would also be helpful in reducing the stress levels providing complete relaxation to the blood pressure.
Along with all these, avoiding other habits like alcohol, smoking, drugs, harmful medications, etc. is also the best way to eliminate hypertension from your life. Tobacco and alcohol are harmful to the tissues of the body as it damages it hardening the walls of blood vessels. So, make some beneficial changes in the lifestyles and hypertension is sure to run away.
Hypertension is a condition that comes with an impact on the entire body like the damaged brain, heart, arteries, cardiac problems, etc. Again, during pregnancy, women might deliver healthy babies, but the condition is equally dangerous for both the infant and mother. If one doesn’t work on reducing the blood pressure levels, it can also be harmful to not only your heart but to your kidney also damaging it. Hence, look for the right treatment plan including lifestyle changes, and medication along with a combination of various therapies for diagnosing hypertension. Replace the sugary ingredients and caffeine with decaffeinated caffeine, berberine, dark chocolate, whey protein, hibiscus, etc. to maintain the pressure. Practicing these natural ways with other treatments, medications and therapies would be an ideal way to reduce hypertension in an effective way.
So, monitor your blood pressure levels through readings at home to increase your chances for avoiding the condition.
Read Next – Top 10 Foods That Lower Blood Pressure!