Kidneys are the bean shaped organ found in the each left and right side of the body. It is present in the lower back region of the human body. The weight of each kidney is about 110gms to 170 gms. The weight and size of the kidneys varies from male to females and from left to right kidney.
As all knows the main function of the kidney is to filter the blood and send the toxic elements out of the body through urine. The normal urine is straw colored and has no odor. Any change in the consistency, color and volume of the urine indicates the kidney infection or kidney diseases.
Kidney has many important functions other than excretion of waste products like
- It helps in the production of RBCs
- It helps in regulation of the blood pressure
- It helps in the re-absorption of the glucose, water and proteins in to the body.
- It also helps in the production of vitamin D in the body which is necessary for the bone growth.
Thus kidney plays a vital role in the functioning of the body and any injury or disease can lead to various problems in the body. One can aim for good health by maintaining a healthy kidney. So how to take care of your kidneys? Here we get you some extremely useful tips to keep your kidneys absolutely healthy.
How To Keep Your Kidneys Healthy?
1. Maintain The Fluid Balance
For the proper functioning of the kidneys, it is very important to maintain the fluid balance in the body. It is by drinking lot of water and other fluid intakes can keep fine working kidneys. Water intake also helps to remove all the toxic elements from the body. A daily intake of 3-4 liters of water is very much necessary. Drinking plenty of water prevents diseases kidney diseases like Urinary tract infections, the formation of the kidney stones and kidney inflammations.
2. Decrease The Salty Foods
Sodium or the increased salt intake in the body can result in formation of the kidney stones and also result in the increase in the blood pressure which has the bad effects on the kidney and also lead to the functional abnormality of the kidneys. Decrease salt intake also helps in reducing the stress and helps in maintaining the healthy body.
3. Control The Blood Sugar Levels
High blood sugar levels can affect the kidneys badly and result in the kidney failure. Diabetes is a disorder where there is the increase in the blood sugar levels, the complications of the diabetes affects the eyes, nerves and kidney. Most of the kidney failures in India is due to the poor maintenance of the blood sugar levels. So maintain your blood sugar levels by following a balanced diet and less carbohydrate food chart.
4. Stop Smoking And Alcohol
Smoking and chronic drinking alcohol in large quantities can increase the blood pressure. The increase in blood pressure seriously affect the kidneys. Drinking alcohol can also raise the blood sugar which also leads to kidney failure. So avoid all the habits to keep your kidney healthy.
5. Restrict The Aerated Drinks
The aerated drinks are rich in phosphoric acid and are high-calorie content. The phosphates present are not easily absorbed and digested by the bloodstream they, in turn, settle in kidneys forming stones. These stones grow in size gradually, obstruct the urinary flow and puts pressure on the kidneys causing the inflammation. And the high calories again add up an the increase in the blood sugar levels. Both affect the kidney seriously so hence do restrict the consumption of aerated drinks.
6. Maintain The Blood Pressure Levels
The increase in the blood pressure levels affect the functioning of the kidneys. It can cause the serious kidney injury. In order to keep the kidneys healthy one has to always maintain the blood pressure levels. Blood pressure can be maintained by reduced salt intake and reducing the stress levels. Some alternative mind relaxing exercises also help in relieving the blood pressure.
7. Too Much Of Medicines
Most people has the habit of taking medicines for the little pain. They cannot sustain the pain for a longer time. This makes them run to a pharmacist and take medicines without proper consultation of the health specialist. Some medicines like Ibuprofen, Diclofenac sodium tablets are the commonly used as painkillers. These medicines when taken continuously can seriously affect the kidneys. Hence do not take the medicines repeatedly which may reduce the lifespan of the kidney. Kindly consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
8. Maintain A Healthy Lifestyle
Yes, maintaining a healthy lifestyle not only keeps your kidney healthy but also helps all the organs to maintain its longevity. It helps to keep your mind and body both active and healthy. This maintains all the organs to live harmoniously creating a happy living within the body. A healthy living organ inside results in no diseases outside. Achieving the healthy lifestyle should be the only motto for a healthy life.
9. Maintain The Body Weight
Body weight has the direct connection with the cholesterol levels and in turn with the blood pressure. These variations in the blood pressure levels can increase the functioning of the kidney resulting in the early kidney failure. Obesity is also related to increase in diabetes which again hampers the kidney badly.
10. Balanced Diet
A healthy balanced diet helps in the normal functioning of the kidney. Usually when the body takes the nutrients, the excess is thrown out by the kidneys in the form of urine. But when there is regular consumption of the same nutrients, the kidney fails to excrete the excess amounts and results in settling down of the nutrients affecting the kidneys. This nutrients can form stones and obstruct urine flow leading to inflammation of the kidneys. Sometimes the nutrients also result in other serious kidney diseases. Hence balanced diet is necessary for the proper functioning of the kidney.
Disorders like Hypertension and Diabetes though do not show up much of the symptoms they act as silent killers and seriously affect the kidneys which may become a major health issue. Hence a regular blood tests above the age of 35 is considered compulsory and essential for the healthy kidney and leading a healthy life.